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Timeline of King Edward IV

Middle Ages - Lords and Ladies

Timeline of King Edward IV

King Edward IV reigned as King of England from March 4, 1461 - Oct 31,1470 and April 11, 1471 - April 9, 1483

1442: Edward of York was born on April 28, 1442 at Rouen. Edward was the son of Richard, Duke of York (1411-1460) and Cecily Neville (1415-1495)

1454: Richard, Duke of York, Edward's father, was named regent as Protector of the Realm due to the mental illness of King Henry VI, and started pressing his Yorkist claim to the throne

1455 May 22: The First Battle of St Albans was the start of Civil war in England called the Wars of the Roses

1455 - 1460: There were constant clashes between the Lancastrian faction of King Henry VI, his wife Margaret of Anjou and the Yorkist forces led by Richard, Duke of York and the Earl of Warwick

1460: Battle of Northampton, on July 10, 1460: The Yorkist army under Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick ( the Kingmaker ) captured King Henry VI

1460: King Henry VI again suffered a bout of madness and Richard Duke of York was again appointed Regent of England

1460: October 1460 the Act of Accord: Richard, Duke of York was named as successor to the throne, disinheriting Henry's six year old son Prince Edward

1460: The Battle of Wakefield: Richard took a strong position at Sandal castle and far out numbered the Lancastrian army. Unbelievably Richard left Sandal castle and was defeated by the Lancastrian army. Richard was killed in the battle. His son, Edward of York, now pressed his claim to the throne of England

1461 March 4: Edward of York was declared King Edward IV of England

1464 May 4: Edward marries Elizabeth Woodville (c. 1437-1492). They have three children: Elizabeth of York (1466-1503) and the two little princes - Edward V (1470- c. 1483) and Richard, Duke of York (1473 - c. 1483)

1470: A rebellion led by Warwick and Clarence failed and they were forced to flee to France where they made an alliance with Margaret of Anjou

1470: The French support an English invasion led by Margaret, Warwick and Clarence.

1470: King Edward IV was forced to flee when Warwick's brother, John Neville changed to the Lancastrian side

1470 3 October: Readeption of Henry VI: Henry VI was briefly restored to the throne of England

1471 March: King Edward IV lands with an invasion force in England

1471 14 April: Battle of Barnet - King Edward IV wins the battle and Warwick is killed.

1471 May 4: Battle of Tewkesbury - King Edward IV wins a decisive victory and the Lancastrian male line are virtually destroyed. Edward, Prince of Wales was one of those who were killed

1471 May: Queen Margaret and her daughter-in-law, Anne Neville, are taken as prisoners by King Edward IV

1471 May 22: The death of King Henry VI at the Tower of London. The cause of his death is unknown, but he is believed to have been murdered.

1471: King Edward IV continues on his role as King of England

1475: King Edward IV declared war on France

1475: The Treaty of Picquigny - The treaty with France gave King Edward 75,000 crowns and a yearly pension of 50,000 crowns

1476: King Edward IV - A notorious womaniser, started his affair with Jane Shore, his most famous mistress

1478 February 18: Edward's brother, the Duke of Clarence, was imprisoned in the Tower of London for treason. He was "privately executed" (later tradition states he drowned in a vat of Malmsey wine)

1483 Easter: Edward fell ill during Easter. He named his brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester as Protector after his death and entrusted his young sons and little princes, Edward and Richard, to his care

1483: April 9 King Edward IV died at Westminster. He was buried at Windsor Castle

1483: The young prince ascended the throne as Edward V when his father died in 9th April 1483. Edward V was joined by his brother Prince Richard at the Tower of London to await his coronation

1483 16th June: The coronation of Edward V was cancelled

1483 June 25: Parliament declared the two little princes illegitimate and, as next in line to the throne, their uncle and Protector, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, was declared the true King. The two little princes were never seen again

1483 26 June: Richard, Duke of Gloucester was declared King Richard III

Biography of King Edward IV
Wars of the Roses
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