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Late Middle Ages Timeline

Middle Ages - Lords and Ladies

Late Middle Ages Timeline (1307 - 1485)

The Middle Ages encompass one of the most exciting and bloodthirsty periods in English and European History. This comprehensive Late Middle Ages Timeline of the Medieval period details the major events significant to the lives and events of famous people who lived during this era.

1307-1327: The reign of King Edward II (son of Edward I)

1307: The Knights Templar are rounded up and murdered by Philip the Fair of France, with the backing of the Pope
The Great Famine
Roger Mortimer, the first Earl of March, leads the barons in a rebellion against King Edward II. He was incarcerated in the Tower but managed to escape to France, followed by his lover, Isabella of France, wife of Edward II and Queen of England!
The king was forced to abdicate in favour of his young son, Edward III. England was ruled by Mortimer and Isabella who are believed to have arranged the murder of Edward II at Berkeley Castle

1327-1377: The reign of King Edward III (son of Edward II)

1328: First Outbreak of the Black Death in Asia
When the young king came of age he incarcerated Roger Mortimer in the Tower. He was condemned without trial and hanged at Tyburn on 29 November, 1330
The Hundred Years War begins. England and France struggle for dominance of Western Europe
Battle of Crecy
The Black Death ravages Europe for the first of many times. An estimated 20% - 40% of the population is thought to have perished within the first year
1348 - 1349:
The terrible Black Death reached England killing nearly one third of the population - in London it was much worse and the population almost halved to 30,000. Princess Joan, one of the Kings daughters, was killed by the Black Death
1356: Battle of Poitiers

1377-1399: The reign of King Richard II (grandson of Edward III, son of the Black Prince)

1380: Chaucer begins to write The Canterbury Tales
Peasants Revolt in England. The Peasant's Revolt was instigated by a new poll tax and peasants marched on London led by Wat Tyler and John Bull. Richard II and many of his family and household were forced to shelter in the Tower while over 10,000 rebels plundered and burned London for two days.
The Bible is translated into English by John Wycliffe
1399: John of Gaunt died and King Richard seized his lands. Gaunt's son, Henry Bolingbroke invaded England, whilst Richard was on campaign in Ireland, usurping the throne from the king
1 October 1399:
King Richard II was condemned as a tyrant. He renounced the crown in his chamber in the White Tower and Henry IV was proclaimed King the next day

1399-1413: The reign of King Henry IV (grandson of Edward III, son of John of Gaunt)

1399 Henry invaded England while Richard was on campaign in Ireland, usurping the throne from the king.
Henry IV died suffering from leprosy and epilepsy.

1413-1422: The reign of King Henry V (son of Henry IV)

1413 - 1422: The wars with France waged during his reign left England deeply in debt
Lollard revolt
Battle of Agincourt and England claims to the French Crown

1422-1461: The reign of King Henry VI (son of Henry V) and the Dual Monarchy of England and France

1429: Joan of Arc lifts the siege of Orleans for the Dauphin of France, enabling him to eventually be crowned at Reims
Capture, trial, and execution of Joan of Arc
The Medici family rises to prominence in Florence
Leonardo da Vinci is born
The Hundred Years War ends. Calais is the only English possession on Continental Europe
Johann Gutenberg prints the first of his Bibles on his new printing press
The Wars of the Roses begins in England

1461-1483: The reign of King Edward IV ( youngest son of Edward III)

The mentally unstable and pious Lancastrian King Henry VI and his headstrong and ambitious wife Margaret of Anjou were imprisoned in the Tower of London from 1465 until 1470
Henry was briefly restored to power in 1470
22nd May 1471 The last Lancastrian king was murdered in the Wakefield Tower, whilst he was at prayer, the following day. He was probably murdered on the orders of Edward IV
William Caxton sets up a printing press in Westminster
Edward IV was a notorious womaniser - his affairs led to claims of illegitimacy and ultimately led to the murder of his sons

1483: The young Edward V (eldest son of King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville) should have reigned

1483: The boy king was on his way to his coronation in London but was intercepted by his uncle, and Protector ( who would become Richard III ). Edward was escorted to London and then to the Tower. On the 16th June 1483 he was joined by his brother Prince Richard. The coronation was cancelled.
The thirteen year old King and his ten year old brother mysteriously disappeared in the Tower after being declared illegitimate. They were believed to have been murdered and are referred to as the Little Princes in the Tower

1483-1485: The reign of King Richard III (uncle of Edward V)

June 25 1483: Parliament declared the two little princes illegitimate and, as next in line to the throne, their uncle and Protector, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, was declared the true King. The two little princes were never seen again
August 22nd 1485:
A Lancastrian rebellion rose against the Yorkist Richard and on he fell in the Battle of Bosworth Field to Henry Tudor
1485: The Wars of the Roses ends and the Tudor dynasty begins

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