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Knights Templar Timeline

Middle Ages - Lords and Ladies

Knights Templar Timeline
This comprehensive Knights Templar Timeline details the major events significant to the Order of the Knights Templar. The timeline starts during the Roman period and the discovery of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. The timeline then goes on to first crusade and the founding of the Knights Templar Order. All of the Masters names are detailed in this Knights Templar timeline. 

Dates of all of the major events and people who were important to the Knights Templar order can be found in the timeline. Facts and information about the main events of the Knights Templar history can be found in many entries in the timeline.

330 A.D. : The mother of the Roman Emperor Constantine, discovered the Holy Sepulchre and her son built the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem

330 - 637: Pilgrims throughout the Middle Ages made sacred pilgrimages to the Holy city of Jerusalem

637 A.D.: Jerusalem was surrendered to the Saracens

637: The caliph of the Saracens called Omar gave guarantees for the safety of the Christian population - pilgrimages continued

1065: Jerusalem was taken by the Turks - initiating the crusades of the Middle Ages.

1099: Crusaders led by Godfrey of Bouillon took Jerusalem back from the Turks. The founding of the Knights Templar was initiated shortly after this date by Bernard of Clairvaux

1118: King Baldwin II of Jerusalem, granted the Knights Templar a place to live within the sacred enclosure of the Temple on Mount Moriah.

1118: Hugh de Payens was chosen by the knights as the first master of the order

1127: Hugh De Payen and the Knights Templar returned to France

1127: The first donation of land was given to the Templars by Count Thybaud

1127: Hugh de Payens was granted the land for the first Temple Church in Holborn, London

1128: The ecclesiastical Council of Troyes was instigated by Bernard of Clairvaux and gave the Knights Templar official recognition

1130: Knights Templar order received privileges from Alfonso I of Spain

1136: Knights Templar Hugh de Payen died and was succeeded by Robert de Craon as Master of the Temple

1136: The Knights Templar were awarded the wealthy manor of Cressing

1139: A Papal Bull was issued by Pope Innocent II stating that the Knights Templar should owe allegiance to none other than the Pope

1146: Knights Templar Robert de Craon died and was succeeded by Everard des Barres as Master of the Temple

1146: The Knights Templar order adopted the splayed red cross as their emblem

1148: The Knights Templar order supported the second crusade and assembled at Acre

1149: Everard des Barres dies and is succeeded by Bernard de Tremelay (1149-1153)

1153: Bernard de Tremelay dies and is succeeded by André de Montbard (1153-1156)

1154: The Grand Master of Knights Templar, André de Montbard, superintended the Masons in England and built their Temple in Fleet Street, London

1156: André de Montbard dies and is succeeded by Bertrand de Blanchefort (1156-1169)

1169: Bertrand de Blanchefort dies and is succeeded by Philippe de Milly (1169-1171)

1170: Richard de Hastings, the Master of the English Templars, attempted to reconcile the differences between King Henry II and Thomas Becket. Their attempts to reconcile the two parties failed and Thomas a Becket was murdered in Canterbury Cathedral

1171: Philippe de Milly dies and is succeeded by Odo de St Amand (1171-1179)

1179: Odo de St Amand dies and is succeeded by Arnaud de Toroge (1179-1184)

1184: The army of Jerusalem and Guy of Lusignan, the King of Jerusalem, was beaten by Turkish forces and all Knights Templar who survived the battle were executed afterwards

1184: Arnaud de Toroge dies and is succeeded by Gérard de Ridefort in 1185

1189: Gérard de Ridefort dies and is succeeded by Robert de Sablé in 1191

1191: The city of Acre was taken by the Crusaders and the Knights Templars

1191: Robert de Sablé dies in 1191 and is succeeded by Gilbert Horal (1193-1200)

1200: Gilbert Horal dies and is succeeded by Phillipe de Plessis (1201-1208)

1208: Phillipe de Plessis dies and is succeeded by Guillaume de Chartres (1209-1219)

1219: Guillaume de Chartres and is succeeded by Pedro de Montaigu (1219-1230)

1230: Pedro de Montaigu dies and is succeeded by Armand de Périgord (1232-1244)

1244: Armand de Périgord dies and is succeeded by Richard de Bures (1245-1247)

1247: Richard de Bures dies and is succeeded by Guillaume de Sonnac (1247-1250)

1250: Guillaume de Sonnac is succeeded by Renaud de Vichiers (1250-1256)

1256: Renaud de Vichiers is succeeded by Thomas Bérard (1256-1273)

1263: Problems in England lead to the Baron's revolt led by Simon de Montford opposing the prince who becomes Edward I. Edward entered the Knights Templar Temple in London and ransacked the treasury

1271: Edward lead a crusade and was attacked by an assassin with a poisoned knife. He survived the attack and his life was saved with drugs sent by the Master of the Knights Templar, Thomas Bérard

1272: King Henry III of England died and the English Council met at the Temple in London and draft a letter to Prince Edward informing him of his accession to the throne, illustrating the political importance of the Knights Templar in England

1272: Thomas Bérard is succeeded by Guillaume de Beaujeu (1273-1291)

1291: Guillaume de Beaujeu dies and is succeeded by Thibaud Gaudin (1291-1292)

1291: The Knights Templar suffer a huge defeat at Acre and cease to be a strong fighting force

1292: Thibaud Gaudin is succeeded by Jacques de Molay (1292-1314)

1302: The Knights Templar recruited after the defeat at Acre are wiped out at Raud

1307: King Philip IV of France (1268-1314) who was already heavily in debt to the Knights Templar requested a further loan. The request was refused and King Philip ordered the arrest of all Knight Templars in France

1307: 11 October Templar ships left La Rochelle, heading to Scotland with much of their wealth

1307: On Friday the 13th, in October , Jacques de Molay, the Grand Master of the Knights Templar, and 60 of his senior knights were arrested in Paris, France and charged with heresy. Many confessed under torture

1307: Pope Clement V initiated enquiries into the order and thousands of Knights Templar were arrested across Europe

1312: The Medieval order of the Knights Templar become extinct when the order is dissolved by the Council of Vienne.

1312: All the property owned by the Templars is transferred to the Knights of St. John ( The Hospitallers )

1314: Jacques de Molay and Geoffroi de Charney were burnt at the stake on March 18th for rescinding their former admission of heresy 

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