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King Edward I

King Edward I

Middle Ages - King Edward I

Short Biography profile and facts about the life of King Edward I of England
The following biography information provides basic facts and information about the life of King Edward I King of England:

  • Nationality: English
  • Also Known by the Nickname: Longshanks. King Edward I was called Longshanks because he was the tallest man in the Court at 6 feet 2 inches. Edward was very grand looking and handsome. He could leap, run, ride, and fight in his heavy armor better than anyone else

  • Lifespan: 12391307
  • Reigned as King of England: November 20 1272 July 7, 1307. The coronation of Edward I was on August 19, 1274
  • Date of Birth: King Edward I was born on 1 October 1207 at Westminster
  • Family connections / Genealogy: He was the son of King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence
  • Married: Eleanor of Castile (12411290) and Marguerite of France (12821317)
  • Children of King Edward I and Eleanor of Castile:
    • Joan of Acre
    • Alphonso, Earl of Chester
    • King Edward II
    • Thomas, Earl of Norfolk
    • Edmund, Earl of Kent
  • Date when King Edward I died: July 7, 1307 at Burgh-by-Sands, Cumberland, England. He was buried at Westminster Abbey
  • Character of King Edward I: Strong, ruthless, charismatic
  • Accomplishments or why King Edward I was famous: The conquest of Wales and the construction of Welsh concentric castles. The 'Hammer of the Scots' fighting against John Balliol, William Wallace and Robert the Bruce

King Edward I
The story and biography of King Edward I which contains interesting information, facts & the history about the life of King Edward I

Timeline of King Edward I

The story of King Edward I ( Nickname : Longshanks)
Edward was the son of King Henry III. Edward returned from the Holy Land when his father died. He faithfully obeyed Magna Carta. Order was the great thing he cared for, and under him the English grew prosperous. The Welsh were beaten into submission due to his strategy of building huge concentric castles. Ever since that time, the eldest son of the King of England has always been given the title of the Prince of Wales.

The Kings of Scotland always used to pay homage to those of England. King Edward ruled that  John Balliol had the best right to be King. The Scots rebelled against the interference of King Edward I and Edward led  his army into Scotland. John Balliol was made prisoner and sent away to France. Edward fought to join Scotland to England, and rule it himself. William Wallace led a Scottish rebellion against Edward I . There was a great fight at the Bridge of Stirling; the English were beaten, and Wallace led his men over the border into Northumberland, where they plundered and burnt wherever they went, in revenge for what had been done in Scotland. Edward gathered his forces and came to Scotland. The army that Wallace had drawn together could not stand before him, but was defeated at Falkirk. William Wallace was betrayed by one of his own countrymen, Wallace was sent to London, and put to death.

All seemed quieted, and English garrisons--that is, guarding soldiers --were in all the Scottish towns and castles, when, suddenly, Robert Bruce then went to Scone and had been crowned King of Scotland. Edward was bitterly angry now. He sent on an army to deal unsparingly with the rising which was called'Harrying of the North'. Cruel action was taken at the places where Robert Bruce had been acknowledged as king, and his friends were hung as traitors wherever they were found; but Bruce himself could not be caught. He was living a wild life among the lakes and hills; and Edward, who was an old man now, had been taken so ill at Carlisle, that he could not come on to keep his own strict rule among his men. All the winter he lay sick there; and in the spring he heard that Robert the Bruce, whom he thought quite crushed, had suddenly burst upon the English, defeated them, and was gathering strength every day. Edward put on his armor and set out for Scotland; but at Burgh-on- the-Sands his illness came on again, and he died there at seventy years old.

He was buried in Westminster Abbey, under a great block of stone, and the inscription on it only says, "Edward I., 1308 - The Hammer of the Scots - Keep Treaties." His wife, Queen Eleanor, had died many years before him, and was also buried at Westminster. All the way from Grantham, in Lincolnshire--where she died--to London, Edward set up a beautiful stone cross wherever her body rested for the night-- fifteen of them--but only three are left standing.

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