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Timeline of King Stephen

Middle Ages - Lords and Ladies

Timeline of King Stephen

Stephen de Blois (King Stephen) seized the English throne throne from his cousin Matilda, who was the rightful heir as the daughter of King Henry I of England. He reigned 1135 - 1154.

1097: Stephen was born in 1097, the exact date of birth is unknown

1119: Stephen married Queen Matilda of Boulogne (1105 - 1152)

1120: Matilda's elder brother William Audelin and heir to the English throne died in a ship wreck

1127: In January 1127 King Henry I forced the Barons to swear allegiance to Matilda, afraid of a Civil War breaking out after his death

1128: Matilda marries Geoffrey of Anjou and they had three sons Henry, Geoffrey, Count of Nantes and her youngest son was called William

1136: Matilda's eldest son, Henry, was born on March 5, 1133 (later, King Henry II of England)

1135: King Henry I dies on December 1

1135:Stephen seizes the throne of England on December 22

1136: The civil war between Stephen and Matilda begins. The great supporter of Matilda was Robert Earl of Gloucester, who was an illegitimate son of Henry I and step-brother to Matilda

1141: Stephen captured at the Battle of Lincoln in February when Stephen laid siege to Lincoln Castle. He was then imprisoned

1141 April: Matilda was claimed Queen of England

1141 June: Matilda entered London for her coronation but had no support in London and was forced to flee the city.

1141 September 14: The Rout of Winchester. Stephen's imprisonment was ended when he was exchanged for the Earl of Gloucester who had been captured by Stephen's supporters

1142: Matilda continued plotting against Stephen with the aid of Geoffrey de Mandeville

1143 September: Stephen arrested Geoffrey de Mandeville taking his lands and making him an outlaw and depriving Matilda of one of her most powerful allies

1145: King Stephen captured the castle at Farringdon from Matilda

1146 March 1: Pope Eugenius III issues a Papal Bull for a Second Crusade

1147: Robert, Earl of Gloucester died and Matilda gave up her fight for England and she conceded the throne to Stephen

1147: Start of the Second Crusade

1147: Matilda left England for Normandy and spent the rest of her life in a convent

1147: The eldest son of Matilda, Henry, attempted to invade England but he failed

1149: Henry again attempted to invade England but he was driven back to Normandy by Stephen

1153: Henry once again invaded England and Stephen was forced to agree a truce and that Henry, the son of Matilda, should be heir to the throne of England instead of his own son, Eustace

1153: Eustace the son of Stephen was furious and continued the fight but he died suddenly on August 17

1154 November 6: The Treaty of Wallingford. The agreement of succession of Henry II after Stephen was witnessed by the English Knights Templar.

1154 October 25: Stephen died in Dover, at Dover Priory, and was buried in Faversham Abbey

1154 December: Henry the son of Matilda succeeded King Stephen as King Henry II of England

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