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Medieval Lord Clothing

Middle Ages - Lords and Ladies

Medieval Lord Clothing
Middle Ages clothing and fashion, including the Medieval Lord Clothing, like everything else was dictated by the Pyramid of Power which was the Middle Ages Feudal System. Medieval clothes provided information about the status of the person wearing them. The clothing and fashion during the Medieval era of the Middle Ages was dominated and highly influenced by the Kings and Queens of the era.

Only the wealthy could dress in fashionable clothes. Sumptuary Laws  restricted people in their expenditure including money spent on clothes.

900 - 1000
The Medieval Lord Clothing of the early Middle Ages was still influenced by the classical styles of the Romans. Clothes were loose and belted. Short clothes and coats of mail were also worn

1000 - 1100
The typical Medieval Lord Clothing during the period of 1000 - 1100 featured:
A person's rank or social position was determined by the head-dress or hat. The cap was made of velvet for persons of rank
Some caps had a point at the top, to which a long streamer was attached, and the peak turned up in front
They dressed in a robe fastened round the waist, and having long bands attached to the sleeves near the wrists. Some were fastened at the collar by a round buckle, and two bands of stuff forming a kind of necklace
A long cloak which descended to the instep
Closed shoes, which had then begun to be made pointed , and his belt has no hangings in front
His hair was cut short.
The Crusades also gave rise to the general use of the purse, which was suspended to the belt by a cord of silk or cotton, and sometimes by a metal chain

1100-1200
The typical Medieval Lord Clothing during the period of 1100 - 1200 featured:
The surcoat (sur-cotte) was at first a garment worn only by females, but it was soon adopted by both sexes
The surcoat was originally a large wrapper with sleeves, and was thrown over the upper part of the robe
The surcoat was then made without sleeves
The under garment, which was made of more costly material, might be seen
The surcoat was then raised higher above the hips, and the arm-holes were made very large, allowing the expensive under material to be seen

1200 - 1300
The typical Medieval Lord Clothing during the period of 1200 - 1300 featured:
Luxury was at its height when gold and silver, pearls and precious stones were lavished on clothes
Massive belts of gold were also worn
Clothes of a noble consisted of breeches, stockings, shoes, the coat, the surcoat and the head-dress
To these articles those who wished to dress more elegantly added, on the body, a shirt; on the shoulders, a mantle; and on the head, a hat
Long stockings or hose. The stockings were of the same colour and material as the breeches, and were kept up by the lower part of the breeches being pulled over them
Shoes were generally made pointed; this fashion of the Polish points, was followed throughout the whole of Europe for nearly three hundred years
The ordinary material of the surcoat for the rich was cloth, either scarlet, blue, or reddish brown, or two or more of these colours mixed together
The nobles, princes, or barons, when holding court, wore surcoats of a colour to match their arms, which were embroidered upon them

1300 - 1400
The typical Medieval Lord Clothing during the period of 1300 - 1400 featured:
Hats were of various shapes. They were made of different kinds of felt, or of otter or goat's skin, or of wool or cotton
There was also much impropriety in dress and clothes so short and so tight that it required the help of two persons to dress and undress them
Points were attached to clothes
Some had tippets of one cloth, others of another
Some had their head-dresses and sleeves reaching to the ground
Clothes were sumptuous and extravagant
The girdle was studded with gilded ornaments and precious stones
Profuse extravagance was displayed in furs
One robe required two thousand seven hundred and ninety ermines' skins

1400 - 1500
The typical Medieval Lord Clothing during the period of 1400 - 1500 featured:
Men's dress was still very short. It consisted of a kind of tight waistcoat, fastened by tags, and of very close-fitting breeches, which displayed the outlines of the figure
In order to appear wide at the shoulders artificial pads were worn
The sleeves were slashed
The shoes armed with long metal points
A conical hat, with turned-up rim, was ornamented with gold chains and various jewels
The mantle, trimmed with fur, was open in front, its false sleeves being slit up above in order to allow the arms of the under coat to pass through
The cap was turned up; the breeches or long hose were made tight-fitting
The shoes were a kind of large padded shoe of black leather, round or square at the toes, and gored over the foot with coloured material
The introduction of Italian fashions exhibited better taste and a greater amount of elegance
Full and gathered or puffed sleeves, which gave considerable gracefulness to the upper part of the body
A short and ornamental mantle
A broad-brimmed hat covered with feathers
Besides tunics, the men also wore undershirts and briefs covered by a sleeveless jacket and an additional tunic
Stockings or trunk hose completed the male attire at the end of the fifteenth century.

Middle Ages Clothing
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