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Filippo Brunelleschi

Middle Ages - Lords and Ladies

Short Biography profile and facts about the life of Filippo Brunelleschi
The following biography information provides basic facts and information about the life and history of Filippo Brunelleschi a famous Medieval Artist, Sculptor and Architect.

  • Nationality: Italian
  • Lifespan: 1377 - 1446

  • Date of Birth: He was born in 1377 in Florence, Italy
  • Family connections : He was the son of a lawyer and notary called Brunellesco Di Lippo, Filippo's mother was Giuliana Spini
  • Early Life and Education: He was trained as a sculptor and goldsmith in one of the Florentine workshops
  • Career and timeline of Filippo Brunelleschi : 
    • 1392: Started his apprenticeship as a goldsmith
    • 1398: Filippo passed his examination and became a guild master goldsmith
    • 1401: Filippo Brunelleschi and Lorenzo Ghiberti and Lorenzo Ghiberti won a competition designing the bronze doors of Baptistery of Florence Cathedral
      • This work featured panels of the Sacrifice of Isaac
    • Filippo Brunelleschi then turned to his favorite interest of architecture
    • 1409: He worked on the construction of Santa Maria di fiori
    • He worked on the reinforcement problem of the Cupola of the Santa Maria di fiori
      • Definition of cupola: A cupola is a dome, especially a small dome, on a circular base crowning a roof or turret of a building. A cupola also serves as a belfry, lantern, or belvedere 
    • 1418: His design won the competition for the Cupola of Santa Maria di fiori
    • 1421: Brunelleschi started work on the Spedale degli Innocenti
    • 1423: Filippo Brunelleschi was put in complete charge of the building works of the Cupola of Santa Maria di fiori
    • 1423: Brunelleschi also worked on the reconstruction of San Lorenzo
    • 1425: Architectural work on the Ponte a Mare at Pisa, Palazzo di Parte Guelfa
    • 1428: Brunelleschi also worked onthe Old Sacristy at San Lorenzo
    • 1430: Brunelleschi also worked the Pazzi Chapel in the Cloisters of Santa Croce
    • 1434: The main structure of the Cupola of Santa Maria di fiori   was completed
    • 1436: Brunelleschi worked and on the design for the medieval city of Santo Spirito
    • 1436: The lantern of the Cupola of Santa Maria di fiori  was completed
      • The lantern was erected by using a machine a machine that was built with the help of Leonardo da Vinci
    • 1438: The four tribunes in the apse in the Cupola of Santa Maria di fiori  were completed
  • Date of Death: Filippo Brunelleschi died on April 15, 1446. The cause of death is unknown
  • When Filippo Brunelleschi died he was buried in Santa Maria del Fiore
  • Accomplishments or why Filippo Brunelleschi was famous: Artist, Sculptor and Architect. He developed a technique creating the curves of the cupola without a supporting framework forming the basis of Renaissance architecture. Filippo Brunelleschi used clear geometry and symmetry in his work and often used the simplest materials
  • Brunelleschi also developed the use of perspective, which revolutionized painting in the Middle Ages, allowing for naturalistic styles as opposed to the stylized figures of medieval art
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