Nursery Rhymes

Concentric Castles

Middle Ages - Lords and Ladies

Description and Information on Concentric Castles
T
he following details provide a description and information on concentric castles:

  • What are concentric castles? Medieval Concentric Castles can be described as "a Castle within a Castle". Concentric castles were lots of buildings, walls, towers and gatehouses in one massive castle complex which were built within in successive lines of defence

  • Who introduced concentric castles to England and Wales? King Edward I (12391307)
  • Who designed the Concentric castles? Who was the architect? King Edward I employed the services of the best architect and builder of the period was called Master James of St George
  • The design of concentric castles was dominated by a strong defence system
  • Concentric castles always included access to fresh water within the castle
  • The movement from the basic Norman castles to concentric castles allowed for greater luxury to be introduced into castle life 
  • A Stronger central Keep or Main Tower was built in a round or polygonal shape. Shaped stone was introduced and cut with precision enhancing the design and style of concentric castles
  • Solid walls and pillars were introduced to hold greater weights. At least one lower, outer wall surrounded the Inner High Wall. Several Outer Walls and Outer Baileys were often added to concentric castles. Walls were built at different heights and levels
  • Several Gatehouses were added to concentric castles in the Middle Ages
  • Height, pointed arches and wider window openings were a feature of concentric castles
  • Towers were often surmounted with very slender towers
  • A High wall, complete with towers surrounded the Keep and the Inner Bailey in concentric castles
  • Moats surrounded the whole complex of the Concentric Castles
  • Additional forms of defence were introduced to the concentric castles of the Middle Ages. These castle features included the following:
    • Drawbridge
    • Barbican
    • Portcullis
    • Gatehouse
    • Moat
    • Crenellations
    • Murder Holes
    • Death traps
    • Various styles of Arrow slits to accommodate the different Medieval weapons
Middle Ages Castles
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